About Ethiopia

Location of Ethiopia

Ethiopia is a mountainous country in East Africa situated between 18° and 4° N. It is bordered by Sudan and South Sudan on the west, Kenya on the south, Somalia and Djibouti on the east, and Eritrea in the north. Large parts of the country lie between 1,800m/6,000 ft and 2,400 m/8,000 ft and the highest mountain rises to over 4,600 m/15,000 ft. There
are lowland regions in the east of the country. Most of Ethiopia has a tropical climate moderated by altitude, with a marked wet season at the time of high sun. The eastern lowlands are much drier with a hot, semi-arid to desert climate.

Ethiopia is one of Africa’s poorest states. Half the males and only 35% of the females are literate. The economy revolves around agriculture, which in turn relies on rainfall. The country is one of Africa’s leading coffee producers. 46% of the population is under 15 years old.

Ethiopia with Mekele location highlighted

Capital: Addis Ababa population > 3 million

Area: 1,13 sq km (437.794 sq miles)

Population: 102 million (2016, World Bank)

Major languages: Amharic, Oromo, Tigrinya, Somali

Major religions: Christianity, Islam

Life expectancy: 64 years (World Bank 2016)

Monetary unit: 1 Birr = 100 cents

Main exports: Coffee, hides, oilseeds, beeswax, sugarcane, flowers

GNI per capita: US $660 (World Bank, 2016)

Human Development Index rank: 174 out 188 countries in 2016 (UN)

29.6 % population living below the poverty line in 2010 (World Bank)

Annual growth rate; 7.6%,in 2016, 10.4% in 2015. (World Bank)